Tag Archives: Germany

Historian’s Almanac for August 1, 2013

Today is August 1, 2013.  It was on this day in 1914 that the Great War began when Germany and Russia declared war on each other and the French government ordered mobilization.  No event in history since the fall of the Roman Empire in the West had a greater impact on world history.  What became known as World War I was but the first act of a two-act war, the second act of which was World War II.  Had the Great War not occurred, there would not have been a Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, the rise of Hitler in Germany, World War II, the Holocaust, or the Cold War.

The 11th Olympic Games opened in Berlin (1936) hosted by Adolf Hitler.  Hitler saw an opportunity for his new German Reich to be the center of world attention.  He also meant for the Olympics to display to the whole world the superiority of the Aryan race.  The first aim was achieved, but the second was a failure.  Jessie Owens, a twenty-two-year-old African American, won four gold medals.  The crowd cheered and Germany’s star athlete, Luz Long, congratulated Owens’ when he won the gold medal in the long jump.  Hitler refused to shake Owens’ hand.

Just three days before Anne Frank and her family were arrested and sent to a concentration (1944), she made her final entry in her diary.  She talked about the conflict in her personality between the serious and the frivolous.

“I know exactly how I’d like to be, how I am . . . on the inside. But unfortunately I’m only like that with myself. And perhaps that’s why — no, I’m sure that’s the reason why — I think of myself as happy on the inside and other people think I’m happy on the outside. I’m guided by the pure Anne within, but on the outside I’m nothing but a frolicsome little goat tugging at its tether. As I’ve told you, what I say is not what I feel, which is why I have a reputation for being a boy-chaser, a flirt, a smart aleck and a reader of romances. The happy-go-lucky Anne laughs, gives a flippant reply, shrugs her shoulders and pretends she couldn’t care less. The quiet Anne reacts in just the opposite way” (Diary of Anne Frank, 1952).

It is the birthday of Herman Melville, best known for his novel, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, published in 1851.  The novel was not a success in Melville’s lifetime.  It did not sell out the initial printing of 3,000 copies.  Today it is considered one of the greatest American novels.

And finally this.  Calvin Coolidge, known as “Silent Cal,” said little, but when he did speak, he spoke words of true wisdom.  E. g.:  “More people out of work leads to higher unemployment.”

Until next time, be good, do good, and always live under the mercy.

Germany to Germany with Gunter Grass

Günter Grass

Günter Grass (Photo credit: Sebastian Niedlich (Grabthar))

As a student at the University of Bonn, in what was then West Germany, I became somewhat familiar with the two outstanding German literary figures, Günter Grass and Heinrich Böll.    Both provide a certain insight into the world that was West Germany before reunification in 1989-1990.  Both won the Nobel Prize for Literature, Böll in 1972 and Grass in 1999.

Gunter Grass is best known for The Tin Drum (1959), the first volume of his Danzig TrilogyThe Tin Drum was made into a successful motion picture in 1979.  While spending the summer of 1980 in Berkeley, I took advantage of the opportunity to see the film in a local theater.  “You really must see it,” was the advice I was given repeatedly.  So I did.

A short while into the film, there was a scene where some people were at a beach.  They pulled a horse’s severed head tied to a rope from the water and began to shake it.  Eels began to fall from the neck.  The camera kept going back and forth between the eels falling from the horse’s head and the same people at a dinner table eating plats filled with eels as if they were eating spaghetti.  It was too much for me.  I got up from my seat and walked out.  As far as I can recall, that was the only movie I ever walked out of.

Obviously it was not Grass the novelist that drew me to From Germany to Germany: Journal of the Year 1990.  Rather it was my interest in Günter Grass as a political activist, supporter of the Social Democratic Party, and friend of Willy Brandt.  Grass has been a witness to much of what is positive in the history of postwar Germany.  He is one of the German authors who have tried to come to grips with Germany’s past and how it continues to haunt the present.

From Germany to Germany is a journal Grass kept as he traveled through the newly reunited Germany between 1 January 1990 and 1 February 1991.  In it Grass recorded his impression of what was happening during that memorable year.  A whole host of well-known and not so well-known personalities from the cultural and political communities appear throughout the journal.  He also comments on such mundane things as buying freshly caught “fluke and herring” off a fishing boat along the Baltic shore.

Grass is not only an author, but also an artist.  And so there are drawings executed during his journey scattered throughout the book.  I find the one used on the cover of the book especially interesting.

A very nice feature of the book is the collection of information at the back of the volume that serves to help the reader understand the text.  These include an eighteen-page, alphabetical listing of the “Persons Mentioned in Grass’s Journal” with a brief identification.  There is also a “Brief Chronology of Modern German History,” and a “Glossary” of terms that most American readers are not likely to be familiar with.

I would recommend From Germany to Germany for those who are interested in postwar Germany, and in particularly those who might find interesting Günter Grass’s insight into the birth of a new Germany from the ruins of what President Reagan called “the evil empire.”